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Click on the Exhibit button.
Assume that you are the administrator and must build a 7+1 fault tolerant cluster. How many
RTP Portal members (Border Control Point (BCP) 7200) must be associated to the cluster
Click on the Exhibit button.
Since the "service ID" for a 1+0 standalone cluster and a 1+1 fault tolerant cluster is
configured as zero (0), which form is used to distinguish between the two cluster types?
Network Elements > Media Portals > RTP Portals > (RTP portal name) > NE Maintenance
Network Elements > Media Portals > Media Portal Cluster > (cluster name) > Fault Tolerance
Network Elements > Media Portals > Media Portal Cluster > (cluster name) > Configuration Parameters
Network Elements > Media Portals > RTP Portals > (RTP portal name) > Configuration Parameters
Click on the Exhibit button.
Assume that you are the administrator and must build a 2+1 fault tolerant cluster. You have
already configured the two service IDs in the Media Portal Cluster folder. You have added the
three BCP 7200s in the RTP Portals folder. Your next step is to go to the NE Maintenance
form of the second BCP. What happens when the "Start" button on the second service instance
This is the second BCP Service Instance in the Cluster and it is determined to be an active instance and advertises its availability to provide service to all call controllers.
Once all members are started, the N+1 fault tolerant framework sets all members as active instances and advertises the cluster's availability to provide service to all call controllers.
Once the OfficeTransferPeriod timer expires, the BCP service instance is set to active by the N+1 Fault-Tolerant Framework software which then advertises its availability to provide service to all call controllers.
This is the second BCP Service Instance in the Cluster and it is determined to be the standby instance and advertises its availability to provide standby service to all call controllers in case an active instance fails.
Click on the Exhibit button.
Assume that you are the administrator and must build a 1+1 fault tolerant cluster. You have
already configured the service ID in the Media Portal Cluster folder. You have added the BCP
7200s in the RTP Portals folder. Your next step is to go to the NE Maintenance form of the
second BCP 7200. What happens when the "Start" button on the second service instance is
The N+1 Fault-Tolerant Framework establishes the Cluster in run-time. Since this is the second Border Control Point (BCP) Service Instance in the Cluster, it is determined to be an active instance and advertises its availability to provide service to all call controllers.
The N+1 Fault-Tolerant Framework establishes that this is a member of the Cluster. Once all members are started, the software sets this, as well as all members as active instances and advertises the cluster's availability to provide service to all call controllers.
The N+1 Fault-Tolerant Framework establishes the Cluster in run-time. Since this is the second BCP Service Instance in the Cluster, the N+1 Fault-Tolerant Framework determines this to be the standby instance. This instance is set to operate in standby mode which monitors the status of the active member.
The N+1 Fault-Tolerant Framework establishes the Cluster in run-time. Since this is the second BCP Service Instance in the Cluster it is determined to be the standby instance and advertises its availability to provide standby service to all call controllers in case an active instance fails.
Click on the Exhibit button.
Under which situation would an IP address to added to the Network Data and Mtc >
It would be added whenever an IP address is to be referenced by another form or folder in the SMGUI.
In the System Management Graphic User Interface (SMGUI), the Network Data and Mtc
> Addresses form is pre-set and can never be added to or modified.
It would be added only if the administrator prefers to use this centralized method of setting up IP addresses. Otherwise the IP addresses may be inserted manually on each form or folder in the SMGUI.
Since the SMGUI comes pre-defined with default IP addresses, the Network Data and Mtc
> Addresses is used for added new IP addresses and subnet masks unique for each system's needs.
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920-548 Carrier VoIP Border Control Point Configuration and Datafill
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Test Code : 920-548
Test Name : Carrier VoIP Border Control Point Configuration and Datafill
Vendor Name : Nortel
Q&A : 40 Real Questions
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Carrier VoIP Border Control Point Configuration and Datafill exam
a first seem at the FCC’s 2015 TCPA Declaratory Ruling and Order | 920-548 Real Questions and VCE Practice Test
On July 10, 2015, the Federal Communications fee (“FCC” or the “fee”) released the textual content of its omnibus Declaratory Ruling and Order (“TCPA Declaratory Ruling and Order” or “Ruling”), which the commission adopted by using a three-2 vote virtually a month previous, on June 18, 2015.
In Friday’s Ruling, the FCC responded to 21 petitions through a few corporations and alternate associations who sought relief or clarification concerning the necessities of the phone consumer protection Act of 1991 (“TCPA”). The Ruling redefines what equipment falls in the definition of “autodialer,” specifies liability for calls to reassigned mobile numbers, offers buyers with a correct to revoke consent via any reasonably priced skill, and establishes new exceptions for fiscal and healthcare related calls, among different changes.
Chairman Wheeler and Commissioner Clyburn both voted in choose, whereas Commissioners Rosenworcel and O’Rielly authorized partially however dissented partially, and Commissioner Pai dissented.
in this client Advisory, we handle the Ruling’s dialogue of the definition of “autodialer,” reassigned phone numbers, consent revocation, and likely monetary and healthcare exemptions. The Advisory additionally highlights other elements of the Ruling, similar to clarity that telecommunications carriers and VoIP suppliers can permit name blocking technologies according to customer requests, the legal responsibility for calling and texting systems, a constrained exemption for a one-time text automatically despatched according to a consumer’s request for information, the impact of is of the same opinion got in advance of the FCC’s 2012 rule change and the conclusion that internet to text capabilities fall within the scope of the TCPA.
The Advisory concludes with a assessment of the positive dates of the Ruling and subsequent steps involving viable appeals, filing cut-off dates, and advantage legislative options.
I. The Expansive Definition of “Autodialer”
one of the most well-known issues mentioned in the Ruling is the defined scope of an “automated cellphone dialing equipment” (“ATDS” or “autodialer”). The Ruling expands the which means of this time period and hence potentially subjects many more forms of dialing gadget and structures to a case-by way of-case choice of their inclusion within the reach of the TCPA.
The TCPA defines an autodialer as “equipment which has the capacity (A) to keep or produce mobilephone numbers to be called, using a random or sequential quantity generator; and (B) to dial such numbers.” a number of petitions (filed through events including TextMe, Inc., ACA overseas, and drift talk) asked the FCC to limit the scope of “means” to a piece of gadget’s present potential, to determine an equipment’s reputation as an autodialer based on whether dialing requires human intervention, and to exclude predictive dialers from the autodialer definition in definite scenarios.
The fee declined to set up a finished listing of gadget kinds that fall within the definition of an autodialer. as a substitute, the commission interpreted its previous statements and rulings to set up four ideas for the decision of what device falls within the definition of an autodialer:
The term “capacity” inside the autodialer definition contains current and potential future capability of the dialing machine;
A case-through-case choice is quintessential to verify if dialing gadget that requires human intervention is outside the scope of the TCPA;
velocity dialer performance does not make machine an ATDS under the TCPA, however predictive dialers (or similar dialers that meet this average despite the marketing descriptions used) fulfill the definition of an autodialer if the equipment has the requisite “skill” as described in the order; and
An autodialer can include one after the other owned and operated device this is built-in to perform a dialing campaign.
With respect to smartphones, the FCC declined to specify no matter if “average makes use of” of smartphones may fit the expansive definition of an “autodialer” and as a substitute brushed aside the conception outright, stating that there became no evidence in the record that consumers have been sued for “average” makes use of of smartphones to “autodial” calls.
A. “capacity” incorporates a Dialer’s present and knowledge means
a few petitions sought clarification on no matter if device is an autodialer if it doesn't possess the “present potential” or “current capability” to generate or save, after which dial, random or sequential numbers. Adopting a huge interpretation of autodialer, the commission interpreted the statute’s use of the term “capability” to dial such numbers to consist of the device’s current configuration and its potential future functionality. This conclusion prompted a dissent from two Commissioners, each of whom argued that the fee’s reference to future means is opposite to the simple which means of the statute.
The FCC additionally took an expansive view of what constitutes competencies future performance. In a footnote, the commission mentioned that the purposeful ability of application-controlled equipment comprises existing aspects “that can be activated or de-activated” and features “that can also be brought to the device’s common functionality via application adjustments or updates.” this is, a software-based dialer with no coding or facets that might allow it to function as an autodialer may additionally still be an autodialer merely since the dialer developer may potentially re-code the software to characteristic as an autodialer (even the place the developer has no intention or incentive to accomplish that).
while the Ruling does not specify the “actual contours” of an autodialer, the fee mentioned “outer limits” to the longer term skill of device to be an autodialer. mainly, the Ruling states that the autodialer definition does not prolong to each piece of malleable and modifiable dialing gadget, and the skills that device may well be modified to be an autodialer must be greater than “theoretical.” The Ruling’s lone instance on the category of machine that might exceed this “outer limit” (and, therefore, would now not be an autodialer) is a rotary-dial telephone that theoretically could be modified to feature as an autodialer. This instance, although, gives confined tips to corporations when assessing their compliance dangers or evaluating if a selected dialing answer is an autodialer according to the answer’s competencies for future modification.
B. Case-by-Case determination is essential to determine If Dialing equipment that Requires Human Intervention is an Autodialer
The Ruling additionally addresses the fee’s prior statements that dialing systems that can not dial calls without human intervention fall outside the scope of the autodialer definition. here, the Ruling reiterates two prior statements by means of the commission:
pace-dialing know-how (a click-to-call feature) is not an autodialer; and
The fundamental feature of an autodialer is to (1) dial numbers with out human intervention, and (2) dial heaps of numbers in a short length of time.
These two elements, youngsters, are not absolute and don't supply certainty to groups given the commission’s place that “potential” within the autodialer definition applies to capabilities future ability of the dialing gadget. therefore, it isn't clear if a pace-dialing utility that requires human intervention can be an autodialer if the expertise exists for the app to be reprogrammed to feature as an autodialer. indeed, the commission expressly rejected a petition to adopt a “human intervention” look at various to identify no matter if a dialer is an autodialer, arguing that this type of examine conflicts with the commission’s focus on the “skills capability” of the machine.
in its place, the Ruling leaves open the query of the extent of human intervention in an effort to take gadget outdoor the scope of the autodialer definition. The Ruling states that the human intervention point can be “certain to each individual piece of equipment, in line with how the machine functions and depends upon human intervention,” and that this evaluation could be made on “a case-by using-case” groundwork. Such determinations, despite the fact, are likely to occur simplest via judicial selections in TCPA litigation, and few groups could be inclined to risk the monetary exposure of an adverse ruling. meanwhile, it is not clear what significance or weight might be given to machine that requires human intervention to provoke calls.
C. Predictive Dialers Are Autodialers
The petition filed through ACA foreign asked the FCC to clarify that a predictive dialer is an autodialer handiest when it randomly or sequentially generates cell numbers, and never when it dials numbers from consumer phone lists. The commission declined to undertake the position proposed by using ACA and denied the enterprise’s petition. Citing the intent of Congress that the “autodialer” definition should still be interpreted generally, the Ruling states that each one predictive dialers (even though no longer labeled as a predictive dialer) represent autodialers under the TCPA, as long as they have the requisite “capacity” defined in the order. The fee underscored that this conclusion “focuses on even if device has the requisite ‘ability,’ and therefore is not restrained to any certain piece of gadget and is devoid of regard to the identify given the gadget for advertising functions.”
D. An Autodialer Can consist of separately-Owned device operating in live performance
ultimately, the Ruling clarifies that parties cannot avoid the TCPA via dividing ownership of dialing gadget amongst diverse entities. for that reason, the TCPA restrictions relating to autodialers would follow to a state of affairs where a random or sequential mobilephone quantity storage gadget operated via one entity is integrated with a dialing gadget operated by a separate entity to region outbound calls. in response to the fee, while neither device, appearing independently, has the existing ability to save or produce numbers, and dial those numbers, both programs performing in live performance function as an autodialer.
II. Reassigned or incorrect number Calls
The Ruling clarifies the definition of a “referred to as birthday party” and, in flip, sets forth a caller’s liability for autodialed calls to reassigned instant numbers. The Ruling interprets a “called party” to suggest “the [current] subscriber, i.e., the consumer assigned the phone quantity dialed and billed for the call, or the non-subscriber popular user of a cellphone number covered in a family or business calling plan.” In doing so, the FCC rejects the suggestion that a “known as birthday celebration” be described as the “intended recipient” or “supposed known as party.” as a substitute, the place the TCPA requires consent to region a name, such consent must be obtained from the existing subscriber or non-subscriber conventional consumer of the mobile, as of the time the name is made.
consequently, with recognize to reassigned wireless numbers, the FCC now holds that callers may also incur TCPA legal responsibility the place they have genuine or helpful talents of quantity reassignment. The Ruling states that businesses should still “institute new or stronger safeguards to steer clear of calling reassigned numbers.” The FCC supplied the following examples of how callers may also be trained of reassignments of instant numbers:
include an interactive choose-out mechanism in all artificial or prerecorded-voice calls so that recipients might also effectively report a reassigned or wrong number;
implement tactics for recording wrong quantity reports got by client provider representatives placing outbound calls;
implement strategies for allowing consumer provider brokers to checklist new phone numbers when receiving calls from purchasers;
Periodically ship an e mail or mail request to the purchaser to update his or her contact tips;
make the most of an autodialer’s and/or a reside caller’s skill to recognize “triple-tones” that identify and record disconnected numbers;
set up guidelines for selecting whether a bunch has been reassigned if there has been no response to a “two-manner” call, akin to having access to a paid database that studies a high probability of quantity reassignment; and
enable customers to update contact assistance with the aid of responding to any text message they get hold of, which may also increase a client’s chance of reporting phone number adjustments and reduce the chance of a caller dialing a reassigned number.
The FCC recognized, despite the fact, that these steps can also no longer deliver precise abilities that the number has been assigned. To address this, the Ruling provides that, as long as a caller does not have genuine competencies that the quantity has been reassigned, it might make one name to a reassigned number devoid of legal responsibility. specially, the fee discovered that “a caller receives valuable talents of reassignment through making or initiating a call to the reassigned number.” In other words, readily via inserting a name to a reassigned wireless quantity, the caller has effective be aware that the number has been reassigned, and can incur TCPA legal responsibility for each non-compliant call positioned thereafter. This conclusion became criticized with the aid of both dissents who asserted that the one call normal would require callers “to do the not possible” (parent no matter if a bunch has been reassigned from a single name, without greater).
notably, misdialed calls (where the number is entered incorrectly right into a dialing gadget) are not eligible for the opportunity to make one further name to verify if the quantity has been reassigned. The FCC additionally pointed out that “nothing in the TCPA or our rules prevents events from creating, via a contract or different private contract, an responsibility for the person giving consent to inform the caller when the number has been reassigned.” The FCC stopped short, although, of making the breach of such an responsibility an affirmative protection to TCPA liability. furthermore, the fee declined so as to add an affirmative, dangerous-religion protection upon a showing that the called celebration purposefully and unreasonably waited to notify the calling celebration of the reassignment to accrue statutory penalties.”
III. Revocation of Consent
As foreshadowed in the Chairman’s may 2015 “truth Sheet” on the thought, a called party can also revoke consent at any time and thru any low cost ability, and callers may also now not restrict the manner in which revocation may also happen. The caller has the most desirable burden to exhibit it had prior express consent to name the mobilephone number at challenge.
Neither the statutory text nor the legislative heritage of the TCPA explains revocation of consent. consequently, the FCC provided its personal "economical construction," concluding that the most low cost interpretation of the TCPA’s consent requirement is to enable consumers to revoke consent if they make a decision that they now not want to get hold of voice calls or texts. The fee ruled that patrons have a right to revoke consent the usage of any in your price range components, no matter if oral or in writing. The Ruling lists three methods, by the use of example: through a customer-initiated name, through a response to a caller-initiated call, or “at an in-shop invoice payment place.” Importantly, youngsters the Ruling notes other viable situations, it states that the company will look to “the totality of the information and circumstances” to determine if the formula is competitively priced, together with (a) if the buyer may fairly expect to “effortlessly speak” his or her
request by the use of that formulation, and (b) if the caller could put into effect mechanisms to effectuate the request “devoid of incurring undue burdens.”
extra, callers can not restrict a consumer’s capacity to revoke consent through designating an unique means wherein revocation have to happen. as an alternative, any low-budget components the consumer chooses to make use of to revoke consent should be honored by way of the caller. The FCC rejected comparisons to the buyer monetary coverage Bureau’s mortgage servicing rule and the reasonable credit score Reporting Act, which permit particular revocation in some cases. The commission's expectation continues to be that callers will keep "relevant company records tracking consent," and that this expectation will now not "shift the TCPA compliance burden onto patrons."
IV. Exceptions for professional-buyer Messages About Time-sensitive financial and Healthcare concerns
Recognizing that callers might also require some leeway when featuring consumers with a good suggestion, time-sensitive guidance, the fee granted petitions by way of the American Bankers association (ABA) and the American association of Healthcare Administrative management (AAHAM) for their qualifying participants to location non-advertising calls or text messages that might otherwise violate the TCPA, subject to a few situations.
beneath section 227(b)(2)(C) of the TCPA, the commission has the vigor to exempt from its consent requirement a variety of “free-to-end-user” calls. A “free-to-end-user” name is one where there is no cost to the recipient of the call (the buyer). in the Ruling, the commission invoked this authority and exempted “seasoned-customer messages” via certain entities related to time-delicate economic tips and healthcare treatment messages.
With recognize to time-sensitive monetary communications, the FCC granted a petition submitted by using ABA, which sought an exemption for economic-related calls or messages regarding: (1) fraud and identity theft; (2) facts safety breaches of patrons’ own tips; (3) steps taken to stay away from or treatment the harm of identification theft or a data breach; and (4) funds transfers. The fee discovered that these communications handle exigent circumstances wherein a brief, timely message to a client is required to mitigate or steer clear of gigantic harm. Requiring callers to acquire prior categorical consent under the TCPA for these styles of calls would make it impossible for these communications to take place. thus, the FCC will allow financial institutions (and, possibly, brokers working on behalf of financial associations) to initiate voice calls or textual content messages without obtaining prior specific consent, provided that:
The communications are sent only to the instant cell number that the consumer supplied to the economic establishment;
The communications state the name and get in touch with advice of the financial establishment (these disclosures need to be made in the beginning of a voice call);
The communications don't include any telemarketing, cross-advertising and marketing, solicitation, debt assortment or advertising content and the aim of the verbal exchange is to alert the client of (1) fraud and identity theft; (2) information protection breaches of consumers’ own guidance; (3) steps taken to steer clear of or remedy the harm of id theft or a knowledge breach; or (4) cash transfers;
The communications are short (one minute or less for voice calls and one hundred sixty characters or less for textual content messages);
monetary institutions can't ship greater than three communications (voice calls or textual content messages) per adventure over a 3-day period;
fiscal institutions ought to give valued clientele with an “handy” skill to decide-out of receiving the communication (i.e., an interactive voice or key press-activated choose-out mechanism for voice calls); and
financial institutions need to immediately honor opt-out requests.
The fee additionally granted a petition by using the AAHAM seeking an identical aid for healthcare-connected communications. The Ruling exempts a considerable number of healthcare-linked communications where there's an “exigency” and the message has a “healthcare medication intention,” including: appointment and exam confirmations and reminders, wellbeing checkups, clinic pre-registration instructions, pre-operative directions, lab outcomes, post-discharge follow-up supposed to prevent readmission, prescription notifications, and residential healthcare instructions.
once more, the fee invoked the “free-to-end-user” exemption for these healthcare medicine communications and will permit healthcare suppliers, and their enterprise friends acting inside the scope of their position, to initiate voice calls or textual content messages without acquiring prior categorical consent, provided that:
The communications are despatched most effective to the instant cellphone number that the consumer offered to the healthcare issuer;
The communications state the identify and contact guidance of the healthcare company (these disclosures ought to be made initially of a voice name);
The communications do not comprise any telemarketing, solicitation, or promoting and don't encompass accounting, billing, debt-collection or other financial content. The aim of the verbal exchange have to be to alert the client of a “healthcare medicine intention” and have to also comply with HIPAA privacy rules;
The communications are short (one minute or less for voice calls and a hundred and sixty characters or less for textual content messages);
Healthcare providers cannot send a couple of conversation per day, and may ship a optimum of three communications per week per healthcare provider;
Healthcare suppliers need to provide consumers with an “effortless” means to opt-out of receiving the communication (i.e., an interactive voice or key press-activated choose-out mechanism for voice calls); and
Healthcare suppliers ought to instantly honor decide-out requests.
The Ruling refrains from exempting messages relating account communications, payment notifications or Social safety disability eligibility. The Ruling additionally further clarifies the interaction between the TCPA and HIPAA’s privateness suggestions, stating that prior express consent will also be given to a HIPAA-coated entity or business affiliate performing on the covered entity’s behalf with out working afoul of the TCPA.
Importantly, each the economic establishment and healthcare message exemptions are predicated on the calls or texts being free to the conclusion person. within the ABA petition, for instance, the petitioner mentioned that economic institutions “will work with instant carriers and third-birthday celebration provider providers” to ensure that recipients don't seem to be charged for such messages. therefore, entities meaning to make use of those exemptions would appear to be required first to make arrangements with each and every wireless carrier to be sure that expenses and utilization allowances aren't affected, earlier than such messages may well be sent to subscribers.
V. different considerations
The Ruling addresses different vital considerations, such as:
Clarifying that carriers and VoIP suppliers are allowed to enforce name blocking off technologies upon the request of patrons who need to use such technologies to dam unwanted calls;
A calling or texting platform or application can also face simple legal responsibility below the TCPA because the “caller” according to a case-by-case analysis of no matter if the entity takes the steps indispensable to bodily area the telephone call, or is so worried within the putting of a call to have been deemed to initiate it (as adverse to merely having some function, although minor, in the causal chain that effects within the making of the cellphone call);
A one-time textual content instantly despatched according to a customer’s request for counsel, equivalent to a discount to practice to an offer, does not violate the TCPA, youngsters the Ruling casts doubt on no matter if Prior express Written Consent can also be dependent on the groundwork of a text choose-according to an advertisement that includes the TCPA required disclosures;
has the same opinion received previous to the October sixteen, 2013 valuable date of the FCC’s 2012 rule alterations may now not be relied upon for calls positioned after the useful date, if such has the same opinion do not comprise the disclosures required below the new suggestions. despite the fact, the FCC granted a retroactive waiver of this requirement to the petitioning entities (and their member organizations) and a restrained waiver for an extra 89 days to come into compliance; and
The TCPA covers web to textual content features.
VI. helpful Dates and Appeals
apart from a few limited circumstances with recognize to specific petitions, the FCC’s new interpretations of the TCPA grew to become valuable on July 10, 2015, upon the free up of the TCPA Declaratory Ruling and Order.
Now that the Ruling is in effect, we predict a couple of appeals to be filed difficult the FCC’s new interpretations. ACA international filed the first appeal in the D.C. Circuit on the day the Ruling turned into released. Others are more likely to comply with in the following few weeks. additionally, we expect one or greater petitions to be filed within the coming weeks to reside the enforcement of the brand new interpretations, pending judicial review.
yet another situation we are expecting to be addressed in the coming weeks is whether or not the Ruling will have a retroactive impact. traditionally, the D.C. Circuit has held that declaratory rulings are “adjudications” to be utilized retroactively, except such software would influence in a “occur injustice.” The courtroom has handled reliance via events on legislations it's “fairly settled” to be enough to block retroactive utility. Given the hefty damages and excessive penalties associated with TCPA violations, any retroactive application of the FCC’s Ruling might have tremendous implications for businesses in a number of industries.
moreover judicial treatments, events also are prone to are searching for legislative options to modernize the TCPA and enhance the present legislation so it more advantageous displays the realities of up to date know-how. certainly, Chairman Wheeler invited such efforts in his oral commentary all the way through the June 18 Open meeting of the commission. beneath the leadership of Congressman Lee Terry and Mark Anderson, Kelley Drye is forming a TCPA Coalition in an effort to symbolize the hobbies of affected parties on Capitol Hill. To be trained more about the TCPA Coalition or Kelley Drye’s legislative efforts, please contact one of the vital attorneys on this advisory.
Kelley Drye’s award-winning litigation, communications and advertising attorneys create a trifecta of event unmatched within the enterprise of defending purchasers in court cases involving the TCPA and other telemarketing-linked statutes, and in managing telemarketing-related litigation and policy concerns with regulators, together with the Federal Communications fee (FCC), the FTC, and state Attorneys commonplace.
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